Dred Scott vs. Sandford is one of the most famous and important legal battles in the history of the United States. Dred Scott and his wife Harriett were enslaved people who sued for their freedom, and the case went all the way to the Supreme Court.
In 1857, under pressure from incoming president-elect James Buchanan, the Supreme Court ruled against Scott. They also struck down the Missouri Compromise, thereby allowing slavery to spread throughout the nation, and rules that nobody of African heritage could ever be an American citizen. The ruling, considered the worst in Supreme Court history, led directly to the outbreak of the Civil War. This is the messed up truth about the Dred Scott case.